Resource plasticity-driven carbon-nitrogen budgeting enables specialization and division of labor in a clonal community.
|Resource plasticity-driven carbon-nitrogen budgeting enables specialization and division of labor in a clonal community.
|Year of Publication
|Varahan S, Sinha V, Walvekar A, Krishna S, Laxman S
|2020 09 02
Previously, we found that in glucose-limited colonies, metabolic constraints drive cells into groups exhibiting gluconeogenic or glycolytic states. In that study, threshold amounts of trehalose - a limiting, produced carbon-resource, controls the emergence and self-organization of cells exhibiting the glycolytic state, serving as a carbon source that fuels glycolysis (Varahan et al., 2019). We now discover that the plasticity of use of a non-limiting resource, aspartate, controls both resource production and the emergence of heterogeneous cell states, based on differential metabolic budgeting. In gluconeogenic cells, aspartate is a carbon source for trehalose production, while in glycolytic cells using trehalose for carbon, aspartate is predominantly a nitrogen source for nucleotide synthesis. This metabolic plasticity of aspartate enables carbon-nitrogen budgeting, thereby driving the biochemical self-organization of distinct cell states. Through this organization, cells in each state exhibit true division of labor, providing growth/survival advantages for the whole community.
|PubMed Central ID
| / WT_ / Wellcome Trust / United Kingdom
IA/I/14/2/501523 / / Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance / International
IA/E/16/1/502996 / / Wellcome Trust/DBT India Alliance / International
12-R&D-TFR-5.04-0800 / / Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India / International