TitleNovel Mutations in β- Gene in Indian Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsRani DSelvi, Kumar AVijaya, Nallari P, Sampathkumar K, Dhandapany PS, Narasimhan C, Rathinavel A, Thangaraj K
JournalCJC Open
Date Published2022 Jan

Background: Heart failure is a hallmark of severe hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Several mutations in the gene lead to hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Recently, causative mutations in the gene have also been detected in DCM from different populations.

Methods: Here, we sequenced the gene in 137 Indian DCM patients and 167 ethnically matched healthy controls to detect the frequency of mutations and their association.

Results: Our study revealed 27 variations, of which 7 mutations (8.0%) were detected exclusively in Indian DCM patients for the first time. These included 4 missense mutations-Arg723His, Phe510Leu, His358Leu, and Ser384Tyr (2.9%); a frameshift mutation-Asn676_T-del (1.5%); and 2 splice-site mutations (IVS17+2T) T>G and (IVS19-1G) G>A (3.6%). Remarkably, all 4 missense mutations altered evolutionarily conserved amino acids. All 4 missense mutations were predicted to be pathogenic by 2 bioinformatics tools-polymorphism phenotyping v2 (PolyPhen-2) and sorting intolerant from tolerant (SIFT). In addition, the 4 homology models of β-MYH7-p.Leu358, p.Tyr384, p.Leu510, and p.His723-displayed root-mean-square deviations of ∼2.55 Å, ∼1.24 Å, ∼3.36 Å, and ∼3.86 Å, respectively.

Conclusions: In the present study, we detected numerous novel, unique, and rare mutations in the gene exclusively in Indian DCM patients (8.0%). Here, we demonstrated how each mutant (missense) uniquely disrupts a critical network of non-bonding interactions at the mutation site (molecular level) and may contribute to development of dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Therefore, our findings may provide insight into the understanding of the molecular bases of disease and into diagnosis along with promoting novel therapeutic strategies (through personalized medicine).

Alternate JournalCJC Open
PubMed ID35072022
PubMed Central IDPMC8767027