TitleThe neuropeptide Substance P facilitates the transition from an inflammatory to proliferation phase-associated responses in dermal fibroblasts.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsZaarour RF, Saha D, Dey R, Dutta A, Kumar P, Rana I, Pulianmackal A, Rizvi A, Misra N, Breton L, Jamora C
JournalExp Dermatol
Date Published2022 Aug
KeywordsCell Proliferation, Fibroblasts, Humans, Neuropeptides, Substance P, Wound Healing

The wound healing process is a product of three successive and overlapping phases of inflammation, proliferation and remodelling. Considerable efforts have been invested in deconstructing the intercellular crosstalk that orchestrates tissue repair, and we investigated the role of neuropeptides released from peripheral neurons upon injury in mediating these interactions. Amongst the most abundant of these neuropeptides secreted by nerves in the skin, is Substance P (SP). Given the role of dermal fibroblasts in coordinating multiple processes in the wound healing program, the effect of SP on human dermal fibroblasts of different ages was evaluated. The use of a substrate that recapitulates the mechanical properties of the in vivo tissue revealed novel effects of SP on dermal fibroblasts, including a block in inflammatory cytokine expression. Moreover, SP can promote expression of some extracellular matrix components and generates signals that regulate angiogenesis. Interestingly, the response of fibroblasts to SP was reduced concomitant with donor age. Altogether, SP acts to inhibit the inflammatory responses and promote proliferation-associated responses in an age-dependent manner in dermal fibroblasts, suggesting a role as a molecular switch between the inflammatory and proliferative phases of the wound healing response.

Alternate JournalExp Dermatol
PubMed ID35353932